By Professor Kazuyuki Hirao, Dr. Tsuneo Mitsuyu, Dr. Jinhai Si, Dr. Jianrong Qiu (auth.), Professor Kazuyuki Hirao, Dr. Tsuneo Mitsuyu, Dr. Jinhai Si, Dr. Jianrong Qiu (eds.)
This booklet makes a speciality of chosen themes that are new and of primary significance within the software of lively glasses in photonic units. many of the chapters care for glasses lower than the motion of upper electromagnetic fields, akin to these produced via femtosecond lasers. They hide the construction and research of brought on constructions in glasses and a few practical units utilizing energetic glasses. This booklet is designed for either graduate scholars and researchers within the field.
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Additional info for Active Glass for Photonic Devices: Photoinduced Structures and Their Application
Refractive-index mappings across the cross sections of damage lines created by translation of the samples perpendicular to the laser beam with a 10x lens, an average laser power of 470 mW, and a sample translation rate of 100 ~m/s for (a) 3Ge02-97Si02 after 10 passes of the laser along an identical route, (b) 3Ge02-97Si02 after a single pass of the laser, and (c) pure silica after a single pass of the laser. The visible dimensions of the damage cross sections are approximately 6 ~m x 180 ~m for all the damage marks, so the outer limits of the mappings represent the refractive index of the surrounding glass respectively, at the center of the damage region (Fig.
Novel optical functions can be achieved if the external structure induced by the electromagnetic field can be controlled in an active manner. In Chap. 1, momentary electron states in Bi2 0 3 -based, chalcogenide, and nanoparticle containing glasses, organic solution and Ge-doped silica glass induced by ultrashort laser pulses were discussed. When the irradiation conditions of the ultrashort laser pulses were controlled, the formation of various permanent induced structures in the glasses after the laser irradiation could be observed.
It is suggested that the fast decay constant reflects the thermal equilibrium process between the electron system and the lattice system in the metallic nanoparticle and the slow decay constant comes from the cooling process by thermal diffusion from the gold nanoparticle to the host matrix [49, 54]. In Fig. 505 eV around T = 0 and a decrease thereafter with a decay constant of 1. 7 ps can be seen. The temporal change in "fee is shown in Fig. lOc. The magnitude of the change is almost as large as its standard deviation.