Download Analyzing Inequality: Life Chances and Social Mobility in by Stefan Svallfors PDF

By Stefan Svallfors

Reading Inequality summarizes key concerns in today’s theoretically guided empirical examine on social inequality, existence direction, and cross-national comparative sociology. It describes the growth made when it comes to info assets, either cross-sectional and longitudinal; the hot tools that make inequality learn attainable; new methods of considering and explaining; and empirical findings or vital contributions of rigorous empirical learn to our understanding.The chapters, each one written by way of a exclusive social scientist, are of curiosity to either students and scholars. this is often the one e-book thus far to take inventory of the cutting-edge in stratification learn, studying facts, equipment, conception, and new empirical findings. interpreting Inequality bargains an strangely and impressively large insurance of sizeable subject matters within the box.

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What analysts can observe then with such data on transitions to adulthood, employment trajectories, and family behavior appears to be a mixture of robust trends and non-trend-like cohort variation, but scarcely any indication of the dramatic consequences of a “regime change,” such as the breakdown of the Rhenish model postulated in the political economy literature. These historical typologies are not only at best partially empirically corroborated but also suffer from the same weakness as the parallel and related tradition of intercohort comparisons (Modell et al.

There are fewer career positions within companies, and career ladders are shorter, which in the aggregate should result in rather flat income trajectories. In the absence of seniority schemas and efficiency wages, incomes should be relatively closely tied to perceived productivity. In such a context, actors have to be keen to maximize their short-term returns. Workers maximize their wages at the expense of job security and the quality of working conditions, while employers maximize profits and minimize investment in human capital.

One important factor affecting the structure of inequality is the decreasing stability in family relationships over the last few decades. In Chapter Five, Annemette Sørensen asks what have been the effects of this development for social inequality. Sørensen argues that the family plays an important part in the stratification system for three reasons. First, it is a redistributive unit in which resources are pooled and shared. Second, the family serves as source of constraints and encouragements for the achievements of its individual members.

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